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  • Writer's pictureMichael Bryden

Colors of Cannabis Explained

The infinite variety of traits exhibited by the same plant species is part of the magic of marijuana. A cannabis plant’s genetic heritage can determine whether they are tall, lanky, short, or bushy. Cannabis can stimulate the taste buds with various flavors, while its aroma can delight the nose. There are a variety of marijuana colors to choose from.

The leaves of most cannabis strains are predominantly green when the plants are young, from lime green shades to greens that are so dark they have a purple tint. The colors of leaves and buds can change as the plant matures and begins to flower. Marijuana colors can be affected by several factors, such as temperature, nutrients, soil acidity, and light quality. These variables can significantly determine the visual appearance and ratio of the plant’s natural pigments, contributing to its various hues.

The Colors of Marijuana

Reds & Pink

Rare red and pink cannabis strains like Grand Daddy Pink, offering unique hybrid effects and strong body-focused benefits including pain relief.
Dive into the unique world of red and pink cannabis strains, boasting powerful hybrid effects and vibrant hues for a distinctive experience.

The frequency of red hairs increases, but you won’t see as many red buds or leaves. Red-colored Marijuana is a unique hybrid plant created by cross-pollinating three species of cannabis – Ruderalis, Indica, and Sativa. There aren’t many of these plants, but nothing quite like the “Red” in terms of its powerful hybrid effects on mind and body.

Some pinks, like Grand Daddy Pink or Pink Kush, have actual pink and fuchsia hues. A significant difference between these and other hybrid varieties is their strong body-focused effects, including pain relief, pain control, and appetite reduction.


Blue cannabis strains like Blue Widow and Blue Cheese, enriched with anthocyanins, known for their beauty and potent pain and stress relief.
Discover the tranquil beauty of blue cannabis strains, a naturally glowing choice for alleviating aches and stress.

The compounds known as anthocyanins are typically present in cannabis flowers that are shades of blue. The pH level determines the color of anthocyanins, and there are almost 500 kinds of them.

Anthocyanins are abundant in cannabis flowers with blue shades, making them among the most beautiful. If you select a blue strain of cannabis seeds and grow it outdoors when the temperature drops, it will naturally glow blue.

Blue Widow, Blue Cheese, and Blubonik are popular strains. These strains are known to be potent, relieving various aches, pains, and stress.


Purple cannabis strains like Grape Ape and Purple Kush, known for their fruity notes and similar benefits to green-hued varieties.
Indulge in the fruity, earthy notes of purple cannabis strains, offering a vibrant and grape-like sensory experience without extra benefits.

Many popular cannabis strains have purple hues, such as Grape Ape, Purple Diesel, and Purple Kush, to name a few. Cannabis strains with high anthocyanin levels tend to be more fruity than those without.

Hybrid marijuana that is mostly Indica produces trichome-covered buds painted purple. Fresh earth and berries are evident in the fragrance of purple gorilla flowers, and their taste resembles freshly picked grapes. There are no specific benefits that differ from green-colored cannabis.

Oranges and Yellows

ellow and orange cannabis strains rich in carotenoids and flavonoids, offering health benefits and vibrant hues.
Experience vibrant yellow and orange hues with strains rich in beneficial carotenoids and flavonoids, found in alkaline soil-grown plants.

Carotenoids can also influence colors in marijuana. Among the more than 750 carotenoids discovered, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin top the list. It’s scientifically proven that carotenoids convert to Vitamin A in the body and protect against macular degeneration and blue light, contributing to blindness. Carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and tomatoes contain carotenoids that produce yellow, orange, and red colors. An abundance of carotenoids can be found in plants grown in alkaline soils.

The colors of marijuana can also be affected by yellow flavonoids. However, it should be noted that cannabis leaves and buds can also appear yellow due to nitrogen deficiency during growth. Orange Blossom, Orange cookies, Grapefruit, Tangerine, Golden Lemon, and Lemon haze are among strains with orange or yellow flowers. Hairs, or pistils, as they are called, are orange or red on some varieties of cannabis. The flavonoids are believed to offer anti-inflammatory,anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer properties.


Dark, almost black strains of cannabis, like Vietnamese Black and Black Mamba, known for their intense visual effects.
Dive into the visual highs with the inky, vibrant hues of black strains like Vietnamese Black and Black Mamba.

In rare instances, some strains almost seem black because they are so dark. These strains all share the ebony buds and leaves characteristic of hybrids, such as Vietnamese Black and Black Mamba.

Psychedelic cerebral highs are common to black strains. Those seeking visual effects should try this strain. Leaves are awash in all colors, which results in an inky appearance.


Chlorophyll, found in cannabis, masks other pigments, turning plants green and offering various benefits depending on the strain.
Chlorophyll: the secret behind cannabis' green hue and strain-specific benefits.

Chlorophyll, the pigment responsible for turning plants green, dominates the appearance of most flowering plants, including cannabis. Chlorophyll can sometimes mask other pigments in plant tissues by making them appear green. There are a vast number of benefits depending on the strain you choose.


White, frosty buds from 'White Widow' & 'White Rhino' strains are rich in trichomes, offering potent medicinal benefits.
Potent healing with the frosty, trichome-rich White Widow & White Rhino strains.

A fully grown and harvested bud can often appear almost white, frosty, or glistening due to the accumulation of trichomes. These flowers can be potent since they are packed with cannabinoids and terpenes. ‘White Widow’ and ‘White Rhino’ are two strains known for their tendency to accumulate a vast amount of trichomes. Trichomes protect a cannabis plant from pests and predators and offer various medicinal and therapeutic benefits.


Even though marijuana with vivid colors can be attractive or visually stunning, hue is not the best indicator of potency apart from glistening buds with trichomes. In conjunction with cannabinoids and terpenes, anthocyanin appears to have a harmonious effect on CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body's cells.


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